Tag: independent financial advice

Buying Shares with your SASS Pension

Your SSAS pension provides more opportunities than you may think

Did you know that current pension regulations allow you to purchase unquoted shares, both in UK and in overseas companies, through your company pension scheme? Making your small, self-administered pension schemes (SSAS) a vehicle that can fund any share purchases you may currently be considering.

However, these investments are not as straightforward as normal share purchases and come with various restrictions. Which is why it’s so important that you seek professional advice from a suitably qualified and regulated financial adviser. 

Things you really need to consider

Investing in the stock market can be a volatile experience, especially if you are relatively new to the concept. So with something as critically important as your company’s pension scheme, there are some understandable restrictions in place.

If you are considering purchasing shares via your SSAS, then the first thing I would implore you to do, is to get proper advice; as a qualified expert will be able to steer you through the technicalities of bringing your share purchase to fruition and ensuring that you comply with the various rules and regulations associated with SSAS share purchases.

In order to give you an insight into how investing with your SSAS could work, I’ve written this blog. However – it is to be viewed as a guide only. 

What to invest in

Under the pension taxation legislation, your SSAS can make investments across the board. Please make sure you pick the right investments though, or there will be a large and very unwelcome tax consequence of investing in certain areas or where specific limits are breached.

As a general rule, investment in the following areas will not incur a penal tax charge:

  • Investment grade gold bullion
  • Trustee Investment Plans and Bonds
  • Commercial property (including hotels) and land
  • Unit Trusts/OEICS
  • Bank and Building Society Deposit Accounts
  • Stocks and shares
  • Executive Pension Plans
  • Loans to the sponsoring company
  • Copyrights.

It’s also worth noting that Trustees can borrow up to 50% of the net total asset value of the SSAS to assist with any property purchases or cash flow requirement (see my previous blogs).

Market value

At the time of purchase the market value of the shares must be below:

  • 5% of the market value of the scheme’s total assets in any one sponsoring employer
  • Or 20% of the market value of the scheme’s total assets where the shareholdings relate to more than one sponsoring employer
  • There are also limits on the total value of shareholdings that an occupational scheme can purchase.

Purchasing the shares

When buying the shares, the SSAS Trustees must ensure:

  • That the member(s) must have consulted with, and received advice, regarding the share purchase from a regulated financial adviser
  • If the shares are being purchased from or issued by a connected party (for example: a members of the scheme, their relatives, civil partners, a company controlled by someone significant to a member of the SSAS), then a professional valuation of the current market price of the shares should be obtained by the Trustees of the pension scheme. This must be provided before any purchases take place. The company’s auditor, or any other qualified person, can supply the valuations and they must be provided in writing. 

Dividends

It’s important that your investments provide a dividend, as if the shares you’ve purchased don’t provide an income or increase in value, then HMRC may deem them to be an unsuitable investment for your SSAS pension scheme.

The payment of dividends can also bring its own complications, as when the company declares a dividend, it must pay its shareholders. Dividend payments also need to go to the pension scheme, so the company should also issue a cheque for the net amount of the dividend less the advanced corporation tax, as tax cannot be reclaimed by the pension scheme. This cheque should be made payable to the Trustees of the pension scheme, with the Trustee paying it directly into the SASS scheme. 

Ongoing valuation of shares

As there is a requirement to value pension scheme assets on an annual basis, the member Trustees will need to arrange for an accountant to produce an independent valuation (at their cost) regarding the value of the share holdings.

Selling Shares

Ultimately you would expect the share to be sold at market value, in order to provide retirement or death benefits. However, if the fund has sufficient income in it from other investments, to provide the required benefits, then the shares could be retained in the fund for the next generation.

If the shares are sold to a connected party, then the Trustees must obtain a professional valuation prior to the sale in order to show that the sale price is at market value. 

Get the right advice from day one

Get professional advice on the rules of share purchase via your company pension scheme from a qualified and expert financial adviser who knows this area well. The wrong advice, or no advice at all, could leave you with a whopping great tax bill and a badly damaged pension pot.

As always, we at Bridgewater Financial Services are here to provide expert and independent advice on any questions you have regarding using your pension to acquire property, or any other financial enquiries you may have.

Stay safe

Now’s not the time to play ‘financial chicken’

Sometimes it’s good to be the odd one out!

The election is over, now let the dust settle

Finally we have the outcome and a new strong direction for the UK, with Brexit now happening in the way that Boris Johnson has planned. There will be international reactions to the new political landscape and the markets will no doubt respond too. In fact, at the moment the exit poll was announced Sterling rose significantly; and we can expect to see further fluctuations across the board in the UK markets. Which is why, whatever way you voted, I’d like to just focus your attention on your finances and what you should and shouldn’t do next. 

Psychologists tell us that we have been hardwired over the last 100,000 years to behave the way we do. With most of these behaviors being based on primal instincts that determine our survival as individuals and as a species. So in many ways, these behaviors are so deep routed at a biological level, we don’t stand much of a chance of avoiding them as individuals. That is of course, if they are not pointed out and guarded against.

The modern world really is an extremely new phenomenon, especially when we look at it through the lens of evolution. The vast interconnections and the exchange of up to the minute information and ideas are truly phenomenal. So have some sympathy for that part of your brain that has been hardwired to live in a world that lasted for around 98,000 years and now no longer exists; and never doubt the influence it still has over you and your finances!

Here’s how a caveman still influences your decision-making

We all carry around these hardwired modes of behaviour; and one that may come to the forefront in the next couple of months is what psychologists call ‘The Bandwagon Effect’

There is an incredibly powerful compulsion to follow the herd. It’s been bred into us at the very base level of our existence; and in uncertain and stressful times, it comes right to the front of our thinking. That’s because for tens of thousands of years, belonging to and conforming to a group was a very successful strategy for survival. Staying with the group is far better for survival than going it alone. Hence, over thousands and thousands of years the desire to follow the herd has been bread into all of us over time – and is now a fundamental human instinct. 

How many times have you fallen for the appeal of a busy mediocre restaurant verses a fabulous empty one saying “Let’s eat here, it looks full so it must be good”?.. It’s the Bandwagon Effect in full swing.

When the wheels come off and that impacts your finances

An excellent and extreme example of The Bandwagon Effect causing financial problems was laid out in the dramatic rise and crash of Bitcoin. That particular bandwagon was one that people couldn’t get on fast enough, despite common sense telling them that it wouldn’t last. For the majority of ordinary investors, they bought Bitcoin at the height of its value only to watch the value plummet. 

Whilst Bitcoin is an extreme example, I use it to illustrate the Bandwagon’s grip on sane minds. So my words of caution are aimed at the post-election markets in general, over the short-term.

March to the beat of your own drum

Over the next few weeks or months the markets are going to react to the first quarter of the new Government. That may well create fluctuations and the odd perceived stampede toward the Bandwagons. My advice would be to bide your time and wait. 


Think about theold adage ‘If you see a bandwagon, it’s already too late’

Markets hate uncertainty and have been reacting to the political deadlock that we have been living with through the post Brexit Referendum. 

However, now is the time for the markets to settle again. It’s certainly not the time to take peer-pressured decisions on investment acquisitions or disposals. If you spot an opportunity whose value is created by a sudden influx or departure of groups of investors, please think again. Remember that bandwagons often artificially alter a market for the short term. So get some impartial advice and consider your options calmly and pragmatically. Please bear in mind that the powerful drives to follow the herd have been with us for over 100,000 years and have served us incredibly well. However, they are your worst enemy when it comes to the financial markets.

Unleash your inner Spock!

I’m not sure if there is such a thing as The Bandwagon Effect on Vulcan. However, I would say that approaching the financial markets with a Vulcan like emotionless clarity, and a determination not to get carried along with the crowd, is the only way to overcoming the possible pitfalls of market hysteria. 

The markets are probably ahead of you anyway

Most of the serious financial markets have had any political upheavals already costed into them. So what you will be witnessing in any fluctuations is merely a settling of the market.

Also, don’t forget that the markets are now interlinked throughout the world. So, whilst the UK General Election may seem incredibly important to us, to the international markets it’s just a small bump in a very long and well-established road – and nowhere near as significant to performance than many of us believe.

Don’t just take our word for it though – talk to us too!

If you have any questions or worries regarding the current or future financial and investment markets, then pleasecontact us at Bridgewater Financial Services where we will be delighted to help guide you through your individual options and strategies.

Don’t sleep through the changes in your pension statement

Wake-up packs and how NOT to lose sleep over them

“Pensions Statement” is possibly the right word for those of us who have thought about these things. Wake-up pack feels a little more like a hysterical last minute plea!

However, whatever your thoughts on the name, as of Friday 1 November 2019, The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has determined that every pension customer should receive a Wake-up pack, from the age of 50 onwards. The pack will be provided by the pension provider and will contain a one-page summary of the pension details and should be updated every five years until the pension is eventually cashed in.

The one-page summary will include:

• The value of your private pension
• Your assumed retirement date
• The contributions made that year by you and your employer
• General information on retirement planning

All Wake-up packs will also carry a risk warning that is tailored for the individual that the packs is being sent out to. So as you will imagine, the risk warning to a 50 year old will be different to that of someone who is 75 years plus. These warnings will be tailored according to the information that the pension provider holds on the client receiving the pack.

Although providers will have free rein to include whatever risk warnings they want, most will cover the risks of pension scams, contributions and investment risk as well as an explanation of tax issues.

What’s the big idea?

The motivations and idea behind this new wake-up pack is to encourage you to consider your approaching pension and to give you the time to put more money aside to cover your retirement, if it seems necessary.

The wake-up pack will also contain information regarding the Government’s Pension Wise Service. Along with a summary of the possible advantages of shopping around when purchasing a pension in the first place, as well as the best practice to follow when exploring this. Assuming you haven’t already covered all of this off with your Financial Adviser.

Packs will start to arrive:
• Within two months of you reaching your 50thBirthday
• Four to ten weeks before reaching the age of 55 years
• After 55 they will arrive every five years until your pension is cashed in

Additional triggers for the packs are:
• When you ask for a retirement quotation (if it’s more than six months before you intend to retire)
• When you are considering, or have stopped, an income withdrawal arrangement
• When you decide to take further benefits from your pension.
• When you request to access your benefits for the first time

Although packs do not need to be sent out, if you have already received one in the last year. Which is good news for the trees, as all wake-up packs must highlight that guidance is available from Pension Wise and, apart from the one sent at aged 50, will also have to be accompanied by a brochure from the Money Advice Service.

So has your financial adviser been asleep then?

You would assume that all these issues and more would have been taken care of by your financial adviser – and in most cases, you’d be right (depending upon who your adviser is).

So don’t worry, as these new requirements are mainly aimed at helping non-advised clients make better decisions for themselves. If however there is anything in your wake-up pack that you have any questions about, then don’t hesitate to contact your adviser and ask.

As always, if you have any questions regarding your current or future pension strategies, then please contact us at Bridgewater Financial Services where we will be delighted to help.